Skardu is the principal town of the region Baltistan and the capital of Skardu District, one of the districts making up Pakistan’s Gilgit-Baltistan. Skardu is located in the 10 km wide by 40 km long Skardu Valley, at the confluence of the Indus river (flowing from near Kailash] in Tibet and through neighbouring Ladakh before reaching Baltistan) and the Shigar River. Skardu is situated at an altitude of nearly 2,500 m. The town is surrounded by grey-brown coloured mountains, which hide the 8,000 metre peaks of the nearby Karakoram range. The Hunza is a mountainous valley in Gilgit in the Gilgit-Baltistan. The Hunza valley is situated to the north of the Hunza River, at an elevation of around 2,500 metres. The territory of Hunza is about 7,900 square kilometres. Karimabad (formerly called Baltit) is the main town, which is also a very popular tourist destination because of the impressive landscape of the adjoining mountains like Ultar, Rakaposhi, Hunza Peak, Passu Peak, Diran Peak and Bublimating (Ladyfinger ), all 6,000 metres or higher.