Basic Information

BASIC INFORMATION ABOUT PAKISTAN:

 

Official Name:                          Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Capital:                                       Islamabad

Covered Area:                         796,095 sq.km

Punjab                                        205,344 sq.km

Sindh                                          140,914 sq.km

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa           74,521 sq.km

Balochistan                              347,190 sq.km

Islamabad(Capital)                906 sq.km

Gilgit-Baltistan                         72,971 sq.km

Azad Kashmir                         13,297 sq.km

F.A.T.A                                        27,220 sq.km

 

Population:                               187.343 million (up to 2011)

Ethnic Composition:             95% Muslims, 5% others

Per Capita Income:                US$1207 (Fiscal year 2010-11)

Currency:                                   Pak Rupee

National Language:                Urdu

Official Language:                   English

Archaeological Sites:              Mohenjo-Daro, Harappa, Taxila, Kot Diji, Mehar Garh, Takht-e-Bhai

Major Cities:                              Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta, Rawalpindi, Hyderabad, Sukkur, Faisalabad, Multan.

Provinces:                                   Punjab, Sindh, Balochistan, Khyber Pukhtunkhwa

Provincial Capitals:                   Lahore,Karachi,Quetta,Peshawar

 

Famous Mountain Passes ofPakistan:

 

Khyber Pass                            Elevation: 1000 meters Khyber Pukhtunkhwa

LowariPass                              Elevation: 3118 meters Khyber Pukhtunkhwa

BabusarPass                            Elevation: 4173 meters Khyber Pukhtunkhwa

ShanglaPass                             Elevation: 2200 meters Khyber Pukhtunkhwa

Khunjerab Pass                      Elevation: 4933 meters Gilgit-Baltistan

Kilik Pass                                   Elevation: 4755 meters Gilgit-Baltistan

Karakuram Pass                     Elevation: 5575 meters Gilgit-Baltistan

Mintaka Pass                            Elevation: 4370 meters Gilgit-Baltistan

ShandurPass                            Elevation: 3734 meters Gilgit-Baltistan & Khyber Pukhtunkhwa

Bolan Pass                                 Elevation: 1794 meters Balochistan

 

Famous Glaciers:

 

SiachenGlacierKarakuramRange       Length: 72.4 kms Elevation: 3703.3 meters

HisparGlacierKarakuramRange          Length: 61.2 kms Elevation: 3200.4 meters

BiafoGlacierKarakuramRange             Length: 59.5 kms Elevation: 3159.6 meters

BaltoroGlacierKarakuramRange        Length: 57.9 kms Elevation: 3529.6 meters

BaturaGlacierKarakuramRange          Length: 64.4 kms Elevation: 2447.5 meters

ChiantarHindukushRange                   Length: 33.8 kms Elevation: 3877.1 meters

TirichHindukushRange                        Length: 29.0 kms Elevation: 3416.8 meters

 

Main Rivers:

 

IndusRiver                                           Length: 2896 kms

SutlujRiver                                           Length: 1551 kms

ChenabRiver                                        Length: 1242 kms

RaviRiver                                              Length: 901 kms

JhelumRiver                                        Length: 825 kms

BeyasRiver                                            Length: 398 kms

 

Deserts inPakistan:

 

Thar                               Sindh

Cholistan                      Punjab

Thal                                Punjab

 

Attractive Lakes inPakistan:

 

MancharLake              Sindh

KeenjharLake              Sindh

HannaLake                    Balochistan

Saiful Muluk                  Khyber Pukhtunkhwa

LulusarLake                  Khyber Pukhtunkhwa

ShandurLake                Gilgit-Baltistan-Khyber Pukhtunkhwa

MahodandLake            Khyber Pukhtunkhwa

SatparaLake                  Gilgit-Baltistan

KachuraLake                 Gilgit-Baltistan

BoritLake                        Gilgit-Baltistan

AttaabadLake                Gilgit-Baltistan

RamaLake                       Gilgit-Baltistan

PhandarLake                  Gilgit-Baltistan

KhaltiLake                       Gilgit-Baltistan

KarambarLake               Gilgit-Baltistan

 

Major Dams inPakistan:

 

Mangla Dam                    Punjab

Tarbela Dam                    Khyber Pukhtunkhwa

Warsak Dam                     Khyber Pukhtunkhwa

Diamar Basha Dam        Gilgit-Baltistan (Under construction)

Satpara Dam                     Gilgit-Baltistan (Under construction)

Bunji Dam                          Gilgit-Baltistan (Under construction)

Gomal Zam Dam              Federally Administered Tribal Areas (Under construction)

 

List of Mountains inPakistan:

 

Peaks: 8000 + meters (Peaks height in meters)

 

1      Godwin Austen/K2                       8611 Karakuram

2     Nanga Parbat                                   8126Himalaya

3      GasherbrumI/K5                          8080 Baltoro Karakuram

4     BroadPeak                                         8051 Baltoro Karakuram

5     GasherbrumII/K4                          8035 Baltoro Karakuram

 

Peaks: 7000 + meters (Peaks height in meters)

 

6     GasherbrumIII                             7952 Karakuram Baltoro

MuztaghGasherbrumIV                    7925 Karakuram Baltoro Muztagh

7      Distaghil Sar                                   7885 HisparMuztagh

 

8      Kunyang Chhish                           7852 HisparMuztagh

9     Masherbrum(K1)                           7821MasherbrumMountains

10    Batura I                                            7795 BaturaMuztagh

11    Kanjut Sar                                        7790 HisparMuztagh

12    Rakaposhi                                        7788Rakaposhi-HaramoshMountains

Batura II                                                    7762 BaturaMuztagh

Saltoro Kangri                                          7742SaltoroMountains

Batura III                                                   7729 BaturaMuztagh

13   Tirich Mir                                           7706 Hindukush

14    Chogolisa I                                        7665KarakuramMasherbrumMountains

15    Shishpar                                             7611 BaturaMuztagh

Silberzacken                                               7597HimalayaNanga Parbat

Batura IV                                                     7594 Karakuram Batura Muztagh

16    Trivor                                                   7577 HisparMuztagh

17    Skyang Kangri                                   7545 BaltoroMuztagh

18    Noshaq                                                 7492 Hindukush

19    Pumari Chhish (W)                           7492 Karakuram HisparMuztagh

20    Passu Sar                                             7476 BaturaMuztagh

21    Yukshin Gardan                                7530 Hispar

23    Malubiting (W)                                  7458Rakaposhi-HaramoshMountains

24    K-12                                                       7428SaltoroMountains

Batura V                                                        7453 BaturaMuztagh

25    Sia Kangri                                            7422 BaltoroMuztagh

26    Momhil Sar                                         7343 HisparMuztagh

27    Skil Brum                                             7420 BaltoroMuztagh

28    Haramosh                                            7409Rakaposhi-HaramoshMountains

29    Istor-o-nal                                           7403 Hindukush

30   GhentKangri                                        7400KarakuramSaltoroMountains

31    Ultar Sar                                                7388 BaturaMuztagh

33    Sherpi Kangri                                      7380SaltoroMountains

34    Saraghrar                                              7349 Hindukush

35    Chongtar                                               7315 Karakuram Baltoro Muztagh

36    Baltoro Kangri                                    7280MasherbrumMountains

37    The Crown                                            7295 Yengisogat

38    Yutmaru Sar                                        7283 Hispar

Bojohagur Duanasir I                                7329 BaturaMuztagh

Yazghil                                                            7324 HisparMuztagh

GasherbrumV                                              7321 BaltoroMuztagh

Passu Diar                                                      7295 BaturaMuztagh

39    Baintha Brakk                                      7285 PanmahMuztagh

40   BaltistanPeak(K6)                               7282MasherbrumMountains

41   MuztaghTower                                      7273 BaltoroMuztagh

42    Diran                                                        7266Rakaposhi-HaramoshMountains

43    Apsarasas Kangri                                7236 SiachenMuztagh

44    Rimo III                                                  7233 RimoMuztagh

45    Malungutti Sar                                      7207 Karakuram

46    Singhi Kangri                                         7207 Karakuram

47    Lupghar Sar                                           7200 Karakuram

KarunKoh                                                         7164 Karakuram

Hachindar Chhish                                         7163 Karakuram

Snow Dome                                                     7160 BaltoroMuztagh

Latok I                                                              7151 PanmahMuztagh

Latok II                                                            7145 PanmahMuztagh

 

Kampir Dior                                                  7143 BaturaMuztagh

Kunyang Chhish N                                      7108 HisparMuztagh

Udren Zom                                                    7108 Hindukush

GhentaPeak                                                   7090 Karakuram Batura Muztagh

RakhiotPeak                                                  7070 Himalaya Nanga Parbat Group

Sangemarmar Sar                                       7050 Karakuram Batura Muztagh

Link Sar                                                           7041MasherbrumMountains

Spantik (GoldenPeak)                                7027SpantikSosbunMountains

Akher Chhish                                                7020 Hindukush

Pamiri Sar                                                      7016 Karakuram

Rakaposhi East                                            7010 Karakuram

Mohsin Mir                                                   7004 BaltoroMuztagh

 

Peaks: 6000 + meters (Peaks height in meters)

 

LailaPeak                                                6986KarakuramHaramoshValley

K7                                                              6934HusheValley

Beka Brakai Chhok                               6882 Karakuram

VignePeak                                               6874 Karakuram

Koyo Zom                                               6871 Hindukush Pechus Glacier

Dut Sar                                                     6858 Karakuram

Angel Sar                                                6858 K2 & Concordia

Latok III                                                 6850 Karakuram

ChongraPeak                                         6830HimalayaNanga Parbat

MiarPeak                                                 6824 Karakuram

Rhuparash                                              6785 Karakuram

Biarchedi                                                 6781 Baltoro Glacier

Seiri Porkush                                         6771 Batura Glacier

Choricho                                                 6756 Karakuram

BialePeak                                                6729 Karakuram

TrinityPeak                                            6700 Karakuram

ManiPeak                                                6685 Karakuram

Haramosh II                                          6666 Karakuram

Thui I                                                        6660 Hindukush Ponarillo Glacier

Gul Lasht Zom                                       6657 LutkhoValley

PaijuPeak                                                6610 Karakuram

Makrong Chhish                                   6607 Karakuram

GanaloPeak                                            6606HimalayaNanga Parbat

PhuparashPeak                                     6574 Karakuram

Buni Zom                                                 6550 Hindukush

Thui II Thui Pass                                  6523 Hindukush Shetor Glacier

Ghamubar I                                            6518 Ghamu Bar Glacier

Noukarsich                                             6496KarakuramHunzaValley

Honbrok                                                   6459HusheValley

Ghamubar II                                          6432 Hindukush Ghamubar Glacier

Uli Biaho                                                  6417KarakuramBralduRiverValley

Koser Gunge                                           6401 Karakuram

TrangoTowers                                       6363 BaltoroMuztagh

NamikaPeak                                           6325Hushe & ShyokValleys

Urdukas I                                                6320 Baltoro Glacier

Jhula                                                         6294BralduRiverValley

Purian Sar                                               6293PakorePass

Mango Gusor                                         6288BralduRiverValley

 

Gama Sokha Lumbu                            6282BralduRiverValley

Urdukas II                                              6280 Baltoro Glacier

HunzaPeak                                              6270HunzaValley

MarbalPeak                                            6256 Baltoro Glacier & Concordia

CrystelPeak                                            6252 Baltoro Glacier & Concordia

Ghuchhar Sar                                         6249 Hindukush

Garmush                                                  6244 Garmush Glacier, Darkot

Lobsang                                                   6225 Karakuram Baltoro Glacier

Blatts Yaz                                                6191 Hindukush Ghamubar Glacier, Darkot

Thui Zom                                                 6158 Hindukush Ghamubar Glacier, Darkot

Bilchar Dubani                                       6134 Karakuram

Urdukas III                                             6130 Baltoro Glacier

Chikar Zom                                              6110 Hindukush Chatebori Glacier

UliBiahoTower                                       6109KarakuramBralduRiverValley

Tupopdan                                                 6106BoiberValley

LailaPeak                                                  6096 Gondogoro Glacier,HusheValley

Darmyani                                                 6090 Karakuram

Minglik Sar                                              6050Shimshal & BoiberValleys

BaltiPeak                                                  6050HusheValley

MitrePeak                                                6025 BaltoroMuztagh, Concordia

Lady finger                                              6000 Ultar Peak Bublimuting,HunzaValley

 

Peaks: 5000 + meters (Peaks height in meters)

 

LailaPeak                                      5971HimalayaRupalValley

Falak Sher                                    5918UshuValley

Urdukas IV                                  5900 Karakuram Baltoro Glacier

ShaniPeak                                     5887 Naltar, Shani Glacier

ChariKhand                                  5886NaltarValley

CathedralPeak                             5828 Baltoro Glacier

KhaltarPeak                                  5798NaltarValley

Batkoshi                                         5791 Baltar Glacier,HunzaValley

Jurjur khana Sar                         5790 Karakuram

Mankial                                           5726HindukushSwatValley

Lobsang Spire                              5707 Karakuram Baltoro Glacier

Twin PeaksSouth                        5700 Pakora Pass

Shaigiri                                           5688HimalayaRupalValley

Borit Sar                                         5640 Karakuram Batura Glacier

MehrbaniPeak                             5639ChaprotPass

BuldarPeak                                   5602HimalayaNanga Parbat

Liligo                                               5600 Karakuram Baltoro Glacier

Shinlep Bluk                                  5517BralduRiverValley

KhiatarPeak                                  5454NaltarValley

Kirilgoz                                           5450 Batura Glacier

GodeliPeak                                    5325Bagrot-HaramoshValleys

Malika Parbat                               5290HimalayaKaghanValley

JalipurPeakSouth                       5215Nanga Parbat

Attaabad                                         5180KarakuramHunzaValley

RushPhariPeak                             5098NagarValley

Ditchil                                              5084HimalayaDeosai

Tusserpo La                                   5084KarakuramHusheValley & ShyokValleys

Khas Kamur                                   5048NaltarValley

Snow Dome                                    5029ChaprotPass

Sasai Khand                                   5001NaltarValley

 

 

 

Peaks: 4000 + meters (Peaks height in meters)

 

Gunshar                                          4950IndusKohistan

Chattewala                                     4917Himalaya

Bulan                                                4913HimalayaNanga Parbat

Kurkun                                             4890 Hindukush

MountSikaram                              4761 Koh-e-Safed, Hindukush Parachinar

Haraj                                                 4730 KarakuramUpper Nagar

Marpo Chungi                               4695KarakoramShigarValley

NaltarPeak                                     4678NaltarValley

Thalle La                                         4572 Hushe andShyokValleys

Patundas                                         4570 Batura Glacier

BusperPeak                                    4564BralduRiverValley

Hachindar                                      4544HunzaValley

Jabardar                                         4511HimalayaFairy Meadows, Jalipur

DanyorePeak                                4358KarakuramDanyoreVillage, Gilgit

Badshish                                          4237 Karakuram

Dinewar                                           4100Himalaya

Tingrel                                              4085Himalaya

Chhugam                                         4064Nanga Parbat

 

Peaks: 3000 + meters (Peaks height in meters)

 

Looi Sar Naikan                          3578SuleimanMountainsZarghoon Ghar,Quetta

MakraPeak                                    3586HimalayasKaghanValley

Loai Saar                                        3472SuleimanMountainsKoh-e-Takatu,Quetta

Lwarrh Sar                                    3194SuleimanMountainsKoh-e-Chiltan,Quetta

Salore Ghasha                              3184SuleimanMountainsKoh-e-Murdaar,Quetta

Takht-e-Sulaiman                       3487SuleimanMountainsEast ofQuetta

Sadozai Top                                 3449 TobaKakarRange